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Bosnia and Herzegovina...

is the heart shaped land that lies in the heart of southeast Europe. It is here that eastern and western civilizations met, sometimes clashed, but more often enriched and reinforced each other throughout its long and fascinating history.

Bosnia and Herzegovina has been populated for more than 1oo,ooo years. It is presumed that the name Bosna comes from Ilyrian tribes, considering the fact that in their language the word “bos” signified water.

At the same time, Bosna is also the name of one of the most important rivers in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Ilyrian tribes who ruled over the entire Balkans lived to see their final fall in the battle against the Romans in the Vranduk Fortress, near Zenica around 6m century BC.

The Romans ruled this region until the division into the Eastern and Western Roman empires.

Bosnia and Herzegovina is a long name for a country that measures just over 50,000 km2. Bosnia covers the north and centre of the country with its name probably derived from 'bosana', an old Indo-European word meaning water, which Bosnia has no short of.

The Geography

Bosnia and Herzegovina is located in Southeastern Europe, in the western Balkans. It has a 932 km border with Croatia to the north and southwest, a 312 km border with Serbia to the east, and a 215 km border with Montenegro to the southeast.

It borders the Adriatic Sea along its 20 km (12.42 mi) coastline.The major cities are the capital Sarajevo, Banja Luka in the northwest region known as Bosanska Krajina, Bijeljina and Tuzla in the northeast, Zenica and Doboj in the central part of Bosnia and Mostar, the capital of Herzegovina.

The south part of Bosnia has Mediterranean climate and a great deal of agriculture.

Central Bosnia is the most mountainous part of Bosnia featuring predominate mountains Vlašić, Čvrsnica, and Prenj.

Eastern Bosnia also features mountains like Trebević, Jahorina, Igman, Bjelašnica and Treskavica.

In city of Sarajevo in 1984 Winter Olympics were held.

The country has only 20 kilometres (12.4 mi) of coastline, around the town of Neum in the Herzegovina-Neretva Canton, although surrounded by Croatian peninsulas it is possible to get to the middle of the Adriatic from Neum.

By United Nations law, Bosnia has a right of passage to the outer sea. Neum has many hotels and is an important tourism destination.